1. drupal
    1. 5
    2. 6
5 – 6 hook_nodeapi(&$node, $op, $a3 = NULL, $a4 = NULL)

Act on nodes defined by other modules.

Despite what its name might make you think, hook_nodeapi() is not reserved for node modules. On the contrary, it allows modules to react to actions affecting all kinds of nodes, regardless of whether that module defined the node.

It is common to find hook_nodeapi() used in conjunction with hook_form_alter(). Modules use hook_form_alter() to place additional form elements onto the node edit form, and hook_nodeapi() is used to read and write those values to and from the database.


&$node The node the action is being performed on.

$op What kind of action is being performed. Possible values:

  • "alter": the $node->content array has been rendered, so the node body or teaser is filtered and now contains HTML. This op should only be used when text substitution, filtering, or other raw text operations are necessary.
  • "delete": The node is being deleted.
  • "delete revision": The revision of the node is deleted. You can delete data associated with that revision.
  • "insert": The node has just been created (inserted in the database).
  • "load": The node is about to be loaded from the database. This hook can be used to load additional data at this time.
  • "prepare": The node is about to be shown on the add/edit form.
  • "prepare translation": The node is being cloned for translation. Load additional data or copy values from $node->translation_source.
  • "print": Prepare a node view for printing. Used for printer-friendly view in book_module
  • "rss item": An RSS feed is generated. The module can return properties to be added to the RSS item generated for this node. See comment_nodeapi() and upload_nodeapi() for examples. The $node passed can also be modified to add or remove contents to the feed item.
  • "search result": The node is displayed as a search result. If you want to display extra information with the result, return it.
  • "presave": The node passed validation and is about to be saved. Modules may use this to make changes to the node before it is saved to the database.
  • "update": The node has just been updated in the database.
  • "update index": The node is being indexed. If you want additional information to be indexed which is not already visible through nodeapi "view", then you should return it here.
  • "validate": The user has just finished editing the node and is trying to preview or submit it. This hook can be used to check the node data. Errors should be set with form_set_error().
  • "view": The node content is being assembled before rendering. The module may add elements $node->content prior to rendering. This hook will be called after hook_view(). The format of $node->content is the same as used by Forms API.


  • For "view", passes in the $teaser parameter from node_view().
  • For "validate", passes in the $form parameter from node_validate().


  • For "view", passes in the $page parameter from node_view().

Return value

This varies depending on the operation.

  • The "presave", "insert", "update", "delete", "print" and "view" operations have no return value.
  • The "load" operation should return an array containing pairs of fields => values to be merged into the node object.

If you are writing a node module, do not use this hook to perform actions on your type of node alone. Instead, use the hooks set aside for node modules, such as hook_insert() and hook_form(). That said, for some operations, such as "delete revision" or "rss item" there is no corresponding hook so even the module defining the node will need to implement hook_nodeapi().

Related topics


documentation/developer/hooks/core.php, line 1669

function hook_nodeapi(&$node, $op, $a3 = NULL, $a4 = NULL) {
  switch ($op) {
    case 'presave':
      if ($node->nid && $node->moderate) {
        // Reset votes when node is updated:
        $node->score = 0;
        $node->users = '';
        $node->votes = 0;
    case 'insert':
    case 'update':
      if ($node->moderate && user_access('access submission queue')) {
        drupal_set_message(t('The post is queued for approval'));
      elseif ($node->moderate) {
        drupal_set_message(t('The post is queued for approval. The editors will decide whether it should be published.'));
    case 'view':
      $node->content['my_additional_field'] = array(
        '#value' => theme('mymodule_my_additional_field', $additional_field), 
        '#weight' => 10,