batch_example.module

  1. drupal
    1. 6
    2. 8
    3. 7

Outlines how a module can use the Batch API.

Functions & methods

NameDescription
batch_example_batch_1Batch 1 definition: Load the node with the lowest nid 1000 times. This creates an operations array defining what batch 1 should do, including what it should do when it's finished. In this case, each operation is the same and by chance even has…
batch_example_batch_2Batch 2 : Prepare a batch definition that will load all nodes 20 times.
batch_example_finishedBatch 'finished' callback used by both batch 1 and batch 2.
batch_example_lowest_nidUtility function - simply queries and loads the lowest nid.
batch_example_menuImplements hook_menu().
batch_example_op_1Batch operation for batch 1: load a node. This is the function that is called on each operation in batch 1.
batch_example_op_2Batch operation for batch 2 : load all nodes, 5 by five After each group of 5 control is returned to the batch API for later continuation.
batch_example_simple_formForm builder function to allow choice of which batch to run.
batch_example_simple_form_submit
_batch_example_get_http_requests
_batch_example_update_http_requestsUtility function to count the HTTP requests in a session variable.
View source
<?php

/**
 * @file
 * Outlines how a module can use the Batch API.
 */

/**
 * @defgroup batch_example Example: Batch API
 * @ingroup examples
 * @{
 * Outlines how a module can use the Batch API.
 *
 * Batches allow heavy processing to be spread out over several page
 * requests, ensuring that the processing does not get interrupted
 * because of a PHP timeout, while allowing the user to receive feedback
 * on the progress of the ongoing operations. It also can prevent out of memory
 * situations.
 *
 * The @link batch_example.install .install file @endlink also shows how the
 * Batch API can be used to handle long-running hook_update_N() functions.
 *
 * Two harmless batches are defined:
 * - batch 1: Load the node with the lowest nid 100 times.
 * - batch 2: Load all nodes, 20 times and uses a progressive op, loading nodes
 *   by groups of 5.
 * @see batch
 */

/**
 * Implements hook_menu().
 */
function batch_example_menu() {
  $items = array();
  $items['examples/batch_example'] = array(
    'title' => 'Batch example',
    'description' => 'Example of Drupal batch processing',
    'page callback' => 'drupal_get_form',
    'page arguments' => array('batch_example_simple_form'),
    'access callback' => TRUE,
  );

  return $items;
}

/**
 * Form builder function to allow choice of which batch to run.
 */
function batch_example_simple_form() {
  $form['description'] = array(
    '#type' => 'markup',
    '#markup' => t('This example offers two different batches. The first does 1000 identical operations, each completed in on run; the second does 20 operations, but each takes more than one run to operate if there are more than 5 nodes.'),
  );
  $form['batch'] = array(
    '#type' => 'select',
    '#title' => 'Choose batch',
    '#options' => array(
      'batch_1' => t('batch 1 - 1000 operations, each loading the same node'),
      'batch_2' => t('batch 2 - 20 operations. each one loads all nodes 5 at a time'),
    ),
  );
  $form['submit'] = array(
    '#type' => 'submit',
    '#value' => 'Go',
  );

  // If no nodes, prevent submission.
  // Find out if we have a node to work with. Otherwise it won't work.
  $nid = batch_example_lowest_nid();
  if (empty($nid)) {
    drupal_set_message(t("You don't currently have any nodes, and this example requires a node to work with. As a result, this form is disabled."));
    $form['submit']['#disabled'] = TRUE;
  }
  return $form;
}

function batch_example_simple_form_submit($form, &$form_state) {
  $function = 'batch_example_' . $form_state['values']['batch'];

  $_SESSION['http_request_count'] = 0; // reset counter for debug information.

  // Execute the function named batch_example_1 or batch_example_2.
  $batch = $function();
  batch_set($batch);
}


/**
 * Batch 1 definition: Load the node with the lowest nid 1000 times.
 * This creates an operations array defining what batch 1 should do, including
 * what it should do when it's finished. In this case, each operation is the
 * same and by chance even has the same $nid to operate on, but we could have
 * a mix of different types of operations in the operations array.
 */
function batch_example_batch_1() {
  $nid = batch_example_lowest_nid();
  $num_operations = 1000;
  drupal_set_message(t('Creating an array of @num operations', array('@num' => $num_operations)));

  $operations = array();
  // Set up an operations array with 1000 elements, each doing function
  // batch_example_op_1.
  // Each operation in the operations array means at least one new HTTP request,
  // running Drupal from scratch to accomplish the operation. If the operation
  // returns with $context['finished'] != TRUE, then it will be called again.
  // In this example, $context['finished'] is always TRUE.
  for ($i = 0; $i<$num_operations; $i++) {

    // Each operation is an array consisting of
    // - the function to call
    // - An array of arguments to that function
    $operations[] = array('batch_example_op_1', array($nid, t('(Operation @operation)', array('@operation' => $i))));
  }
  $batch = array(
    'operations' => $operations,
    'finished' => 'batch_example_finished',
  );
  return $batch;
}

/**
 * Batch operation for batch 1: load a node.
 * This is the function that is called on each operation in batch 1.
 */
function batch_example_op_1($nid, $operation_details, &$context) {
  $node = node_load($nid, NULL, TRUE);

  // Store some result for post-processing in the finished callback.
  $context['results'][] = $node->nid . ' : ' . check_plain($node->title);

  // Optional message displayed under the progressbar.
  $context['message'] = t('Loading node "@title"', array('@title' => $node->title)) . ' ' . $operation_details;

  _batch_example_update_http_requests();
}

/**
 * Batch 2 : Prepare a batch definition that will load all nodes 20 times.
 */
function batch_example_batch_2() {
  $num_operations = 20;

  // Give helpful information about how many nodes are being operated on.
  $node_count = db_query('SELECT COUNT(DISTINCT nid) FROM {node}')->fetchField();
  drupal_set_message(t('There are @node_count nodes so each of the @num operations will require @count HTTP requests.', array('@node_count' => $node_count, '@num' => $num_operations, '@count' => ceil($node_count / 5))));

  $operations = array();
  // 20 operations, each one loads all nodes.
  for ($i = 0; $i < $num_operations; $i++) {
    $operations[] = array('batch_example_op_2', array(t('(Operation @operation)', array('@operation' => $i))));
  }
  $batch = array(
    'operations' => $operations,
    'finished' => 'batch_example_finished',
    // We can define custom messages instead of the default ones.
    'title' => t('Processing batch 2'),
    'init_message' => t('Batch 2 is starting.'),
    'progress_message' => t('Processed @current out of @total.'),
    'error_message' => t('Batch 2 has encountered an error.'),
  );
  return $batch;
}

/**
 * Batch operation for batch 2 : load all nodes, 5 by five
 * After each group of 5 control is returned to the batch API for later
 * continuation.
 */
function batch_example_op_2($operation_details, &$context) {
  // Use the $context['sandbox'] at your convenience to store the
  // information needed to track progression between successive calls.
  if (empty($context['sandbox'])) {
    $context['sandbox'] = array();
    $context['sandbox']['progress'] = 0;
    $context['sandbox']['current_node'] = 0;

    // Save node count for the termination message.
    $context['sandbox']['max'] = db_query('SELECT COUNT(DISTINCT nid) FROM {node}')->fetchField();
  }

  // Process nodes by groups of 5 (arbitrary value).
  // When a group of five is processed, the batch update engine determines
  // whether it should continue processing in the same request or provide
  // progress feedback to the user and wait for the next request.
  // That way even though we're already processing at the operation level
  // the operation itself is interruptible.
  $limit = 5;

  // Retrieve the next group of nids.
  $result = db_select('node', 'n')
    ->fields('n', array('nid'))
    ->orderBy('n.nid', 'ASC')
    ->where('n.nid > :nid', array(':nid' => $context['sandbox']['current_node']))
    ->extend('PagerDefault')
    ->limit($limit)
    ->execute();
  foreach ($result as $row) {
    // Here we actually perform our dummy 'processing' on the current node.
    $node = node_load($row->nid, NULL, TRUE);

    // Store some result for post-processing in the finished callback.
    $context['results'][] = $node->nid . ' : ' . check_plain($node->title) . ' ' . $operation_details;

    // Update our progress information.
    $context['sandbox']['progress']++;
    $context['sandbox']['current_node'] = $node->nid;
    $context['message'] = check_plain($node->title);
  }

  // Inform the batch engine that we are not finished,
  // and provide an estimation of the completion level we reached.
  if ($context['sandbox']['progress'] != $context['sandbox']['max']) {
    $context['finished'] = ($context['sandbox']['progress'] >= $context['sandbox']['max']);
  }
  _batch_example_update_http_requests();
}

/**
 * Batch 'finished' callback used by both batch 1 and batch 2.
 */
function batch_example_finished($success, $results, $operations) {
  if ($success) {
    // Here we could do something meaningful with the results.
    // We just display the number of nodes we processed...
    drupal_set_message(t('@count results processed in @requests HTTP requests.', array('@count' => count($results), '@requests' => _batch_example_get_http_requests())));
    drupal_set_message(t('The final result was "%final"', array('%final' => end($results))));
  }
  else {
    // An error occurred.
    // $operations contains the operations that remained unprocessed.
    $error_operation = reset($operations);
    drupal_set_message(t('An error occurred while processing @operation with arguments : @args', array('@operation' => $error_operation[0], '@args' => print_r($error_operation[0], TRUE))));
  }
}

/**
 * Utility function - simply queries and loads the lowest nid.
 * @return A nid or NULL if there are no nodes.
 */
function batch_example_lowest_nid() {
  $select = db_select('node', 'n')
  ->fields('n', array('nid'))
  ->orderBy('n.nid', 'ASC')
  ->extend('PagerDefault')
  ->limit(1);
  $nid = $select->execute()->fetchField();
  return $nid;
}
/**
 * @} End of "defgroup batch_definitions".
 */

/**
 * Utility function to count the HTTP requests in a session variable.
 */
function _batch_example_update_http_requests() {
  $_SESSION['http_request_count']++;
}

function _batch_example_get_http_requests() {
  return !empty($_SESSION['http_request_count']) ? $_SESSION['http_request_count'] : 0;
}
/**
 * @} End of "defgroup batch_example".
 */