contextual_links_example.module

  1. drupal
    1. 8
    2. 7

Shows how to use Drupal's contextual links functionality.

See also

http://drupal.org/node/1089922

Functions & methods

NameDescription
contextual_links_example_block_infoImplements hook_block_info().
contextual_links_example_block_viewImplements hook_block_view().
contextual_links_example_menuImplements hook_menu().
contextual_links_example_node_action_formForm callback; display the form for performing an example action on a node.
contextual_links_example_node_action_form_submitSubmit handler for contextual_links_example_node_action_form().
contextual_links_example_object_edit_formForm callback; display the form for editing our module's content.
contextual_links_example_object_edit_form_submitSubmit handler for contextual_links_example_object_edit_form().
contextual_links_example_object_loadMenu loader callback for the object defined by this module.
contextual_links_example_object_pageMenu callback; displays an object defined by this module on its own page.
contextual_links_example_themeImplements hook_theme().
contextual_links_overview_pageMenu callback; displays a listing of objects defined by this module.
template_preprocess_contextual_links_example_objectProcess variables for contextual-links-example-object.tpl.php.
View source
<?php

/**
 * @file
 * Shows how to use Drupal's contextual links functionality.
 *
 * @see http://drupal.org/node/1089922
 */

/**
 * Implements hook_menu().
 *
 * Drupal's menu system allows you to indicate that particular menu items
 * should be displayed as contextual links. If you hover over a block or node
 * while logged in as an administrator (and with the Contextual Links module
 * enabled) you'll see a small gear icon appear. Click on this icon, and the
 * list of items that appears in the exposed menu are what Drupal calls
 * "contextual links".
 *
 * Contextual links allow site administrators to quickly perform actions
 * related to elements on a page, without having to hunt through the
 * administrative interface. As such, you should usually attach them to objects
 * that appear on the main part of a Drupal site and limit them to a few common
 * tasks that are frequently performed (for example, "edit" or "configure").
 * Do not rely on contextual links being present for your module to work
 * correctly, since they are a convenience feature only. Within Drupal core,
 * the Contextual Links module must be enabled (and the user viewing the page
 * must have the "access contextual links" permission) in order for the
 * contextual links corresponding to actions that the user can perform to
 * actually be injected into the page's HTML.
 *
 * Three examples of contextual links are provided here. Although none are
 * difficult to implement, they are presented in order of increasing
 * complexity:
 * - Attaching contextual links to a node.
 * - Attaching contextual links to a block.
 * - Attaching contextual links to an arbitrary piece of content defined by
 *   your module.
 *
 * @see contextual_links_example_block_info()
 * @see contextual_links_example_block_view()
 * @see contextual_links_overview_page()
 */
function contextual_links_example_menu() {
  // First example (attaching contextual links to a node):
  //
  // Many modules add tabs to nodes underneath the node/<nid> path. If the path
  // you are adding corresponds to a commonly performed action on the node, you
  // can choose to expose it as a contextual link. Since the Node module
  // already has code to display all contextual links underneath the node/<nid>
  // path (such as "Edit" and "Delete") when a node is being rendered outside
  // of its own page (for example, when a teaser of the node is being displayed
  // on the front page of the site), you only need to inform Drupal's menu
  // system that your path is a contextual link also, and it will automatically
  // appear with the others. In the example below, we add a contextual link
  // named "Example action" to the list.
  $items['node/%node/example-action'] = array(
    'title' => 'Example action',
    'page callback' => 'drupal_get_form',
    'page arguments' => array('contextual_links_example_node_action_form', 1),
    'access callback' => TRUE,
    // To be displayed as a contextual link, a menu item should be defined as
    // one of the node's local tasks.
    'type' => MENU_LOCAL_TASK,
    // To make the local task display as a contextual link, specify the
    // optional 'context' argument. The most common method is to set both
    // MENU_CONTEXT_PAGE and MENU_CONTEXT_INLINE (shown below), which causes
    // the link to display as both a tab on the node page and as an entry in
    // the contextual links dropdown. This is recommended for most cases
    // because not all users who have permission to visit the "Example action"
    // page will necessarily have access to contextual links, and they still
    // need a way to get to the page via the user interface.
    'context' => MENU_CONTEXT_PAGE | MENU_CONTEXT_INLINE,
    // If we give the item a large weight, we can make it display as the last
    // tab on the page, as well as the last item inside the contextual links
    // dropdown.
    'weight' => 80,
  );

  // Second example (attaching contextual links to a block):
  //
  // If your module provides content that is displayed in a block, you can
  // attach contextual links to the block that allow actions to be performed on
  // it. This is useful for administrative pages that affect the content
  // wherever it is displayed or used on the site. For configuration options
  // that only affect the appearance of the content in the block itself, it is
  // better to implement hook_block_configure() rather than creating a separate
  // administrative page (this allows your options to appear when an
  // administrator clicks the existing "Configure block" contextual link
  // already provided by the Block module).
  //
  // In the code below, we assume that your module has a type of object
  // ("contextual links example object") that will be displayed in a block. The
  // code below defines menu items for this object using a standard pattern,
  // with "View" and "Edit object" as the object's local tasks, and makes the
  // "Edit object" item display as a contextual link in addition to a tab. Once
  // the contextual links are defined here, additional steps are required to
  // actually display the content in a block and attach the contextual links to
  // the block itself. This occurs in contextual_links_example_block_info() and
  // contextual_links_example_block_view().
  $items['examples/contextual-links/%contextual_links_example_object'] = array(
    'title' => 'Contextual links example object',
    'page callback' => 'contextual_links_example_object_page',
    'page arguments' => array(2),
    'access callback' => TRUE,
  );
  $items['examples/contextual-links/%contextual_links_example_object/view'] = array(
    'title' => 'View',
    'type' => MENU_DEFAULT_LOCAL_TASK,
    'weight' => -10,
  );
  $items['examples/contextual-links/%contextual_links_example_object/edit'] = array(
    'title' => 'Edit object',
    'page callback' => 'drupal_get_form',
    'page arguments' => array('contextual_links_example_object_edit_form', 2),
    'access callback' => TRUE,
    'type' => MENU_LOCAL_TASK,
    // As in our first example, this is the line of code that makes "Edit
    // "object" display as a contextual link in addition to as a tab.
    'context' => MENU_CONTEXT_PAGE | MENU_CONTEXT_INLINE,
  );

  // Third example (attaching contextual links directly to your module's
  // content):
  //
  // Sometimes your module may want to display its content in an arbitrary
  // location and attach contextual links there. For example, you might
  // display your content in a listing on its own page and then attach the
  // contextual links directly to each piece of content in the listing. Here,
  // we will reuse the menu items and contextual links that were defined for
  // our example object above, and display them in a listing in
  // contextual_links_overview_page().
  $items['examples/contextual-links'] = array(
    'title' => 'Contextual Links Example',
    'page callback' => 'contextual_links_overview_page',
    'access callback' => TRUE,
  );

  return $items;
}

/**
 * Menu loader callback for the object defined by this module.
 *
 * @param $id
 *   The ID of the object to load.
 *
 * @return
 *   A fully loaded object, or FALSE if the object does not exist.
 */
function contextual_links_example_object_load($id) {
  // In a real use case, this function might load an object from the database.
  // For the sake of this example, we just define a stub object with a basic
  // title and content for any numeric ID that is passed in.
  if (is_numeric($id)) {
    $object = new stdClass();
    $object->id = $id;
    $object->title = t('Title for example object @id', array('@id' => $id));
    $object->content = t('This is the content of example object @id.', array('@id' => $id));
    return $object;
  }
  else {
    return FALSE;
  }
}

/**
 * Implements hook_block_info().
 */
function contextual_links_example_block_info() {
  // Define the block that will display our module's content.
  $blocks['example']['info'] = t('Contextual links example block');
  return $blocks;
}

/**
 * Implements hook_block_view().
 */
function contextual_links_example_block_view($delta = '') {
  if ($delta == 'example') {
    // Display our module's content inside a block. In a real use case, we
    // might define a new block for each object that exists. For the sake of
    // this example, though, we only define one block and hardcode it to always
    // display object #1.
    $id = 1;
    $object = contextual_links_example_object_load($id);
    $block['subject'] = t('Contextual links example block for object @id', array('@id' => $id));
    $block['content'] = array(
      // In order to attach contextual links, the block's content must be a
      // renderable array. (Normally this would involve themed output using
      // #theme, but for simplicity we just use HTML markup directly here.)
      '#type' => 'markup',
      '#markup' => filter_xss($object->content),
      // Contextual links are attached to the block array using the special
      // #contextual_links property. The #contextual_links property contains an
      // array, keyed by the name of each module that is attaching contextual
      // links to it.
      '#contextual_links' => array(
        'contextual_links_example' => array(
          // Each element is itself an array, containing two elements which are
          // combined together to form the base path whose contextual links
          // should be attached. The two elements are split such that the first
          // is the static part of the path and the second is the dynamic part.
          // (This split is for performance reasons.) For example, the code
          // below tells Drupal to load the menu item corresponding to the path
          // "examples/contextual-links/$id" and attach all this item's
          // contextual links (which were defined in hook_menu()) to the object
          // when it is rendered. If the contextual links you are attaching
          // don't have any dynamic elements in their path, you can pass an
          // empty array as the second element.
          'examples/contextual-links',
          array($id),
        ),
      ),
    );
    // Since we are attaching our contextual links to a block, and the Block
    // module takes care of rendering the block in such a way that contextual
    // links are supported, we do not need to do anything else here. When the
    // appropriate conditions are met, the contextual links we have defined
    // will automatically appear attached to the block, next to the "Configure
    // block" link that the Block module itself provides.
    return $block;
  }
}

/**
 * Menu callback; displays a listing of objects defined by this module.
 *
 * @see contextual_links_example_theme()
 * @see contextual-links-example-object.tpl.php
 * @see contextual_links_example_block_view()
 */
function contextual_links_overview_page() {
  $build = array();

  // For simplicity, we will hardcode this example page to list five of our
  // module's objects.
  for ($id = 1; $id <= 5; $id++) {
    $object = contextual_links_example_object_load($id);
    $build[$id] = array(
      // To support attaching contextual links to an object that we are
      // displaying on our own, the object must be themed in a particular way.
      // See contextual_links_example_theme() and
      // contextual-links-example-object.tpl.php for more discussion.
      '#theme' => 'contextual_links_example_object',
      '#object' => $object,
      // Contextual links are attached to the block using the special
      // #contextual_links property. See contextual_links_example_block_view()
      // for discussion of the syntax used here.
      '#contextual_links' => array(
        'contextual_links_example' => array(
          'examples/contextual-links',
          array($id),
        ),
      ),
    );
  }

  return $build;
}

/**
 * Implements hook_theme().
 *
 * @see template_preprocess_contextual_links_example_object()
 */
function contextual_links_example_theme() {
  // The core Contextual Links module imposes two restrictions on how an object
  // must be themed in order for it to display the object's contextual links in
  // the user interface:
  // - The object must use a template file rather than a theme function. See
  //   contextual-links-example-object.tpl.php for more information on how the
  //   template file should be structured.
  // - The first variable passed to the template must be a renderable array. In
  //   this case, we accomplish that via the most common method, by passing a
  //   single renderable element.
  return array(
    'contextual_links_example_object' => array(
      'template' => 'contextual-links-example-object',
      'render element' => 'element',
    ),
  );
}

/**
 * Process variables for contextual-links-example-object.tpl.php.
 *
 * @see contextual_links_overview_page()
 */
function template_preprocess_contextual_links_example_object(&$variables) {
  // Here we take the object that is being themed and define some useful
  // variables that we will print in the template file.
  $variables['title'] = filter_xss($variables['element']['#object']->title);
  $variables['content'] = filter_xss($variables['element']['#object']->content);
}

/**
 * Menu callback; displays an object defined by this module on its own page.
 *
 * @see contextual_links_overview_page()
 */
function contextual_links_example_object_page($object) {
  // Here we render the object but without the #contextual_links property,
  // since we don't want contextual links to appear when the object is already
  // being displayed on its own page.
  $build = array(
    '#theme' => 'contextual_links_example_object',
    '#object' => $object,
  );

  return $build;
}

/**
 * Form callback; display the form for editing our module's content.
 *
 * @ingroup forms
 * @see contextual_links_example_object_edit_form_submit()
 */
function contextual_links_example_object_edit_form($form, &$form_state, $object) {
  $form['text'] = array(
    '#markup' => t('This is the page that would allow you to edit object @id.', array('@id' => $object->id)),
    '#prefix' => '<p>',
    '#suffix' => '</p>',
  );
  $form['object_id'] = array(
    '#type' => 'value',
    '#value' => $object->id,
  );

  $form['actions'] = array('#type' => 'actions');
  $form['actions']['submit'] = array(
    '#type' => 'submit',
    '#value' => t('Submit'),
  );

  return $form;
}

/**
 * Submit handler for contextual_links_example_object_edit_form().
 */
function contextual_links_example_object_edit_form_submit($form, &$form_state) {
  drupal_set_message(t('Object @id was edited.', array('@id' => $form_state['values']['object_id'])));
}

/**
 * Form callback; display the form for performing an example action on a node.
 *
 * @ingroup forms
 * @see contextual_links_example_node_action_form_submit()
 */
function contextual_links_example_node_action_form($form, &$form_state, $node) {
  $form['text'] = array(
    '#markup' => t('This is the page that would allow you to perform an example action on node @nid.', array('@nid' => $node->nid)),
    '#prefix' => '<p>',
    '#suffix' => '</p>',
  );
  $form['nid'] = array(
    '#type' => 'value',
    '#value' => $node->nid,
  );

  $form['actions'] = array('#type' => 'actions');
  $form['actions']['submit'] = array(
    '#type' => 'submit',
    '#value' => t('Submit'),
  );

  return $form;
}

/**
 * Submit handler for contextual_links_example_node_action_form().
 */
function contextual_links_example_node_action_form_submit($form, &$form_state) {
  drupal_set_message(t('The example action was performed on node @nid.', array('@nid' => $form_state['values']['nid'])));
}