field_example.module

  1. drupal
    1. 8
    2. 7

An example field using the Field Types API.

Functions & methods

NameDescription
field_example_3text_validateValidate the individual fields and then convert them into a single HTML RGB value as text.
field_example_field_formatter_infoImplements hook_field_formatter_info().
field_example_field_formatter_viewImplements hook_field_formatter_view().
field_example_field_infoImplements hook_field_info().
field_example_field_is_emptyImplements hook_field_is_empty().
field_example_field_validateImplements hook_field_validate().
field_example_field_widget_errorImplements hook_field_widget_error().
field_example_field_widget_formImplements hook_field_widget_form().
field_example_field_widget_infoImplements hook_field_widget_info().
field_example_menuImplements hook_menu().
_field_example_pageA simple page to explain to the developer what to do.
View source
<?php
/**
 * @file
 * An example field using the Field Types API.
 */

/**
 * @defgroup field_example Example: Field Types API
 * @ingroup examples
 * @{
 * Examples using Field Types API.
 *
 * This is updated from Barry Jaspan's presentation at Drupalcon Paris,
 * @link http://acquia.com/community/resources/acquia-tv/intro-field-api-module-developers Video Presentation @endlink
 *
 * Providing a field requires:
 * - Defining a field:
 *   - hook_field_info()
 *   - hook_field_schema()
 *   - hook_field_validate()
 *   - hook_field_is_empty()
 *
 * - Defining a formatter for the field (the portion that outputs the field for
 *   display):
 *   - hook_field_formatter_info()
 *   - hook_field_formatter_view()
 *
 * - Defining a widget for the edit form:
 *   - hook_field_widget_info()
 *   - hook_field_widget_form()
 *
 * Our module defines the field in field_example_field_info(),
 * field_example_field_validate() and field_example_field_is_empty().
 * field_example_field_schema() is implemented in field_example.install.
 *
 * Our module sets up a formatter in field_example_field_formatter_info() and
 * field_example_field_formatter_view(). These are the API hooks that present
 * formatted and themed output to the user.

 * And finally, our module defines the widet in
 * field_example_field_widget_info() and field_example_field_widget_form().
 * The widget is the form element used to receive input from the user
 * when the field is being populated.
 *
 * @see field_types
 * @see field
 */

/***************************************************************
 * Field Type API hooks
 ***************************************************************/

/**
 * Implements hook_field_info().
 *
 * Provides the description of the field.
 */
function field_example_field_info() {
  return array(
    // We name our field as the associative name of the array.
    'field_example_rgb' => array(
      'label' => t('Example Color RGB'),
      'description' => t('Demonstrates a field composed of an RGB color.'),
      'default_widget' => 'field_example_3text',
      'default_formatter' => 'field_example_simple_text',
    ),
  );
}

/**
 * Implements hook_field_validate().
 *
 * This hook gives us a chance to validate content that's in our
 * field. We're really only interested in the $items parameter, since
 * it holds arrays representing content in the field we've defined.
 * We want to verify that the items only contain RGB hex values like
 * this: #RRGGBB. If the item validates, we do nothing. If it doesn't
 * validate, we add our own error notification to the $errors parameter.
 *
 * @see field_example_field_widget_error()
 */
function field_example_field_validate($entity_type, $entity, $field, $instance, $langcode, $items, &$errors) {
  foreach ($items as $delta => $item) {
    if (!empty($item['rgb'])) {
      if (! preg_match('@^#[0-9a-f]{6}$@', $item['rgb'])) {
        $errors[$field['field_name']][$langcode][$delta][] = array(
          'error' => 'field_example_invalid',
          'message' => t('Color must be in the HTML format #abcdef.'),
        );
      }
    }
  }
}


/**
 * Implements hook_field_is_empty().
 *
 * hook_field_is_emtpy() is where Drupal asks us if this field is empty.
 * Return TRUE if it does not contain data, FALSE if it does. This lets
 * the form API flag an error when required fields are empty.
 */
function field_example_field_is_empty($item, $field) {
  return empty($item['rgb']);
}

/**
 * Implements hook_field_formatter_info().
 *
 * We need to tell Drupal that we have two different types of formatters
 * for this field. One will change the text color, and the other will
 * change the background color.
 *
 * @see field_example_field_formatter_view()
 */
function field_example_field_formatter_info() {
  return array(
    // This formatter just displays the hex value in the color indicated.
    'field_example_simple_text' => array(
      'label' => t('Simple text-based formatter'),
      'field types' => array('field_example_rgb'),
    ),
    // This formatter changes the background color of the content region.
    'field_example_color_background' => array(
      'label' => t('Change the background of the output text'),
      'field types' => array('field_example_rgb'),
    ),
  );
}

/**
 * Implements hook_field_formatter_view().
 *
 * Two formatters are implemented.
 * - field_example_simple_text just outputs markup indicating the color that
 *   was entered and uses an inline style to set the text color to that value.
 * - field_example_color_background does the same but also changes the
 *   background color of div.region-content.
 *
 * @see field_example_field_formatter_info()
 */
function field_example_field_formatter_view($entity_type, $entity, $field, $instance, $langcode, $items, $display) {
  $element = array();

  switch ($display['type']) {
    // This formatter simply outputs the field as text and with a color.
    case 'field_example_simple_text':
      foreach ($items as $delta => $item) {
        $element[$delta] = array(
          // We create a render array to produce the desired markup,
          // "<p style="color: #hexcolor">The color code ... #hexcolor</p>".
          // See theme_html_tag().
          '#type' => 'html_tag',
          '#tag' => 'p',
          '#attributes' => array(
            'style' => 'color: ' . $item['rgb'],
          ),
          '#value' => t('The color code in this field is @code', array('@code' => $item['rgb'])),
        );
      }
      break;

    // This formatter adds css to the page changing the '.region-content' area's
    // background color. If there are many fields, the last one will win.
    case 'field_example_color_background':
      foreach ($items as $delta => $item) {
        $element[$delta] = array(
          '#type' => 'html_tag',
          '#tag' => 'p',
          '#value' => t('The content area color has been changed to @code', array('@code' => $item['rgb'])),
          '#attached' => array(
            'css' => array(
              array(
                'data' => 'div.region-content { background-color:' . $item['rgb'] . ';}',
                'type' => 'inline',
              ),
            ),
          ),
        );
      }
      break;
  }

  return $element;
}

/**
 * Implements hook_field_widget_info().
 *
 * Three widgets are provided.
 * - A simple text-only widget where the user enters the '#ffffff'.
 * - A 3-textfield widget that gathers the red, green, and blue values
 *   separately.
 * - A farbtastic colorpicker widget that chooses the value graphically.
 *
 * These widget types will eventually show up in hook_field_widget_form,
 * where we will have to flesh them out.
 *
 * @see field_example_field_widget_form()
 */
function field_example_field_widget_info() {
  return array(
    'field_example_text' => array(
      'label' => t('RGB value as #ffffff'),
      'field types' => array('field_example_rgb'),
    ),
    'field_example_3text' => array(
       'label' => t('RGB text field'),
       'field types' => array('field_example_rgb'),
    ),
    'field_example_colorpicker' => array(
      'label' => t('Color Picker'),
      'field types' => array('field_example_rgb'),
    ),
  );
}

/**
 * Implements hook_field_widget_form().
 *
 * hook_widget_form() is where Drupal tells us to create form elements for
 * our field's widget.
 *
 * We provide one of three different forms, depending on the widget type of
 * the Form API item provided.
 *
 * The 'field_example_colorpicker' and 'field_example_text' are essentially
 * the same, but field_example_colorpicker adds a javascript colorpicker
 * helper.
 *
 * field_example_3text displays three text fields, one each for red, green,
 * and blue. However, the field type defines a single text column,
 * rgb, which needs an HTML color spec. Define an element validate
 * handler that converts our r, g, and b fields into a simulated single
 * 'rgb' form element.
 */
function field_example_field_widget_form(&$form, &$form_state, $field, $instance, $langcode, $items, $delta, $element) {
  $value = isset($items[$delta]['rgb']) ? $items[$delta]['rgb'] : '';

  $widget = $element;
  $widget['#delta'] = $delta;

  switch ($instance['widget']['type']) {

    case 'field_example_colorpicker':
      $widget += array(
        '#suffix' => '<div class="field-example-colorpicker"></div>',
        '#attributes' => array('class' => array('edit-field-example-colorpicker')),
        '#attached' => array(
          // Add Farbtastic color picker.
          'library' => array(
            array('system', 'farbtastic'),
          ),
          // Add javascript to trigger the colorpicker.
          'js' => array(drupal_get_path('module', 'field_example') . '/field_example.js'),
        ),
      );

    // DELIBERATE fall-through: From here on the field_example_text and
    // field_example_colorpicker are exactly the same.
    case 'field_example_text':
      $widget += array(
        '#type' => 'textfield',
        '#default_value' => $value,
        // Allow a slightly larger size that the field length to allow for some
        // configurations where all characters won't fit in input field.
        '#size' => 7,
        '#maxlength' => 7,
      );
      break;

    case 'field_example_3text':
      // Convert rgb value into r, g, and b for #default_value.
      if (!empty($value)) {
        preg_match_all('@..@', substr($value, 1), $match);
      }
      else {
        $match = array(array());
      }

      // Make this a fieldset with the three text fields.
      $widget += array(
        '#type' => 'fieldset',
        '#element_validate' => array('field_example_3text_validate'),

        // #delta is set so that the validation function will be able
        // to access external value information which otherwise would be
        // unavailable.
        '#delta' => $delta,

        '#attached' => array(
          'css' => array(drupal_get_path('module', 'field_example') . '/field_example.css'),
        ),
      );

      // Create a textfield for saturation values for Red, Green, and Blue.
      foreach (array('r' => t('Red'), 'g' => t('Green'), 'b' => t('Blue')) as $key => $title) {
        $widget[$key] = array(
          '#type' => 'textfield',
          '#title' => $title,
          '#size' => 2,
          '#default_value' => array_shift($match[0]),
          '#attributes' => array('class' => array('rgb-entry')),
          // '#description' => t('The 2-digit hexadecimal representation of the @color saturation, like "a1" or "ff"', array('@color' => $title)),
        );
      }
      break;

  }

  $element['rgb'] = $widget;
  return $element;
}


/**
 * Validate the individual fields and then convert them into a single HTML RGB
 * value as text.
 */
function field_example_3text_validate($element, &$form_state) {
  $delta = $element['#delta']; // TODO: Isn't there a better way to find out which element?
  $field = $form_state['field'][$element['#field_name']][$element['#language']]['field'];
  $field_name = $field['field_name'];
  if (isset($form_state['values'][$field_name][$element['#language']][$delta]['rgb'])) {
    $values = $form_state['values'][$field_name][$element['#language']][$delta]['rgb'];
    foreach (array('r', 'g', 'b') as $colorfield) {
      $colorfield_value = hexdec($values[$colorfield]);
      // If they left any empty, we'll set the value empty and quit.
      if (strlen($values[$colorfield]) == 0) {
        form_set_value($element, '', $form_state);
        return;
      }
      // If they gave us anything that's not hex, reject it.
      if ( (strlen($values[$colorfield]) != 2) || $colorfield_value < 0 || $colorfield_value > 255) {
        form_error($element[$colorfield], t("Saturation value must be a 2-digit hexadecimal value between 00 and ff."));
      }
    }

    $value = sprintf('#%02s%02s%02s', $values['r'], $values['g'], $values['b']);
    form_set_value($element, $value, $form_state);
  }
}

/**
 * Implements hook_field_widget_error().
 *
 * hook_field_widget_error() lets us figure out what to do with errors
 * we might have generated in hook_field_validate(). Generally, we'll just
 * call form_error().
 *
 * @see field_example_field_validate()
 * @see form_error()
 */
function field_example_field_widget_error($element, $error, $form, &$form_state) {
  switch ($error['error']) {
    case 'field_example_invalid':
      form_error($element, $error['message']);
      break;
  }
}


/**
 * Implements hook_menu().
 *
 * Provides a simple user interface that tells the developer where to go.
 */
function field_example_menu() {
  $items['examples/field_example'] = array(
    'title' => 'Field Example',
    'page callback' => '_field_example_page',
    'access callback' => TRUE,
  );
  return $items;
}

/**
 * A simple page to explain to the developer what to do.
 */
function _field_example_page() {
  return t("The Field Example provides a field composed of an HTML RGB value, like #ff00ff. To use it, add the field to a content type.");
}
/**
 * @} End of "defgroup field_example".
 */