1. drupal
    1. 6
    2. 8
    3. 7
6 – 8 file_munge_filename($filename, $extensions, $alerts = TRUE)

Modify a filename as needed for security purposes.

Munging a file name prevents unknown file extensions from masking exploit files. When web servers such as Apache decide how to process a URL request, they use the file extension. If the extension is not recognized, Apache skips that extension and uses the previous file extension. For example, if the file being requested is exploit.php.pps, and Apache does not recognize the '.pps' extension, it treats the file as PHP and executes it. To make this file name safe for Apache and prevent it from executing as PHP, the .php extension is "munged" into .php_, making the safe file name exploit.php_.pps.

Specifically, this function adds an underscore to all extensions that are between 2 and 5 characters in length, internal to the file name, and not included in $extensions.

Function behavior is also controlled by the Drupal variable 'allow_insecure_uploads'. If 'allow_insecure_uploads' evaluates to TRUE, no alterations will be made, if it evaluates to FALSE, the filename is 'munged'.


$filename File name to modify.

$extensions A space-separated list of extensions that should not be altered.

$alerts If TRUE, drupal_set_message() will be called to display a message if the file name was changed.

Return value

The potentially modified $filename.

Related topics

▾ 6 functions call file_munge_filename()

FileNameMungingTest::testMungeIgnoreInsecure in modules/simpletest/tests/file.test
If the allow_insecure_uploads variable evaluates to true, the file should come out untouched, no matter how evil the filename.
FileNameMungingTest::testMungeIgnoreWhitelisted in modules/simpletest/tests/file.test
White listed extensions are ignored by file_munge_filename().
FileNameMungingTest::testMunging in modules/simpletest/tests/file.test
Create a file and munge/unmunge the name.
FileNameMungingTest::testUnMunge in modules/simpletest/tests/file.test
Ensure that unmunge gets your name back.
file_example_read_submit in examples/file_example/file_example.module
Submit handler for reading a stream wrapper.
file_save_upload in includes/
Saves a file upload to a new location.


includes/, line 1108

function file_munge_filename($filename, $extensions, $alerts = TRUE) {
  $original = $filename;

  // Allow potentially insecure uploads for very savvy users and admin
  if (!variable_get('allow_insecure_uploads', 0)) {
    $whitelist = array_unique(explode(' ', trim($extensions)));

    // Split the filename up by periods. The first part becomes the basename
    // the last part the final extension.
    $filename_parts = explode('.', $filename);
    $new_filename = array_shift($filename_parts); // Remove file basename.
    $final_extension = array_pop($filename_parts); // Remove final extension.

    // Loop through the middle parts of the name and add an underscore to the
    // end of each section that could be a file extension but isn't in the list
    // of allowed extensions.
    foreach ($filename_parts as $filename_part) {
      $new_filename .= '.' . $filename_part;
      if (!in_array($filename_part, $whitelist) && preg_match("/^[a-zA-Z]{2,5}\d?$/", $filename_part)) {
        $new_filename .= '_';
    $filename = $new_filename . '.' . $final_extension;

    if ($alerts && $original != $filename) {
      drupal_set_message(t('For security reasons, your upload has been renamed to %filename.', array('%filename' => $filename)));

  return $filename;